Patient Education Term Category: Surgical Procedures

Toe Surgery

Surgery on the big toe or other toes can be necessary to correct a variety of deformities and growths, including bone spurs under the toenail, hammertoes, claw toes, bunions, and neuromas. If non-surgical treatments do not provide pain relief and improvement of the condition, a podiatrist may need to operate to fix the problem.

Nerve (Neuroma) Surgery

Neuromas are benign growths of nerve tissue, or nerve tumors, that form when the nerves are irritated by surrounding tissue rubbing against them. Improper footwear that creates pressure on the foot, as well as foot structure abnormalities and injury to the nerves can cause or worsen neuromas. Symptoms of a neuroma include intense pain, swelling, […]

Metatarsal Surgery

Metatarsal surgery is mostly performed to treat bunions; it can also be done for patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Surgery on the first metatarsal is most common because the first metatarsal runs behind the big toe, which is the toe most commonly affected by bunions. A bunion is a deformity of the big toe joint that […]

Heel Surgery

Plantar fasciitis and heel spurs are common sources of heel pain that may require surgery. Plantar fasciitis is inflammation of the plantar fascia, the fibrous tissue that runs along the arch of the foot to connect the heel bone and ball of the forefoot. Heel spurs often accompany plantar fasciitis; spurs are outgrowths of bone […]

General Surgery Information

By the age of 50, most people will have traveled 75,000 miles on their feet. In light of this, foot problems are a common occurrence that affects more than 75% of Americans at one time or another. Foot and ankle problems can develop as a result of injuries, congenital defects, degenerative diseases, impact, stress, and […]

Flatfoot Correction

Flatfoot is a foot deformity involving the arch of the foot, where the entire foot rests on the ground when standing, rather than the foot having a normal mid-foot rise. Flatfoot may result from the foot’s arch failing to develop properly during childhood, when standing and walking begin. It can also result from the foot’s […]

Cyst Removal

Ganglion cysts that form along the tendons and joints in the ankle and foot sometimes must be removed by surgery if the cyst does not shrink on its own or draining the cyst is not successful. During a cyst removal, the cyst is cut from the tendon or joint and taken out. Usually, the procedure […]

Bunion Surgery

A bunion is a deformity of the big toe joint that results from bone misalignment or repositioning at the joint. Although bunions occur most frequently at the base of the big toe, they can also arise on the outside of the foot at the base of the small toe. Bunions can occur due to conditions […]


Arthroscopy, or arthroscopic surgery, can be used to diagnose and/ or treat ankle and foot problems using a less invasive procedure. During arthroscopy, the doctor makes tiny incisions at the site and inserts an arthroscope and tiny surgical instruments through the incisions. The arthroscope is a fiber-optic camera that allows the doctor to view and […]

Arthritis Surgery

Arthritis can cause joint deformities in the foot and ankle. Severe deformities can require surgery. One cause of arthritis in the foot is Charcot foot. Charcot foot occurs when the foot bones weaken due to conditions such as arthritis and nerve damage. Diabetics who have neuropathy can suffer from Charcot foot. The weakened bones become […]